A flat is when a note in music is lowered a semi-tone (half step) below what would normally be played. If a flat is written within a bar (rather than in the key signature) that flatening of the note remains for the entire bar. When the flat is in the key signature it applies for […]
A sharp is when a note in music is raised a semi-tone (half step) above what would normally be played. If a sharp is written within a bar (rather than in the key signature) that sharpening of the note remains for the entire bar. If the sharp is in the key signature, it applies for […]
Keys with Sharps To find the name of a key signature with sharps, look at the sharp farthest to the right. The key signature is the note a half step above that last sharp. Key signatures can specify major or minor keys. To determine the name of a minor key, find the name of the […]
mixolydian scale The Bagpipes has a range of nine notes, low G to high A. The bagpipe scale is tuned close to but not exactly on the “concert bb” scale. The traditional (western) scale is tone-tone-semitone-tone-tone-tone-semitone, with the octave divided almost evenly into 12 parts. The Bagpipe scale is an octave (fairly) evenly divided into […]
In modern transcriptions of Bagpipe Music, you will typically not see a key signature written. That is because we don’t have a good (nor consistent) way to produce sharps, flats or naturals. In theory bagpipe music should have 3 sharps written (key of A). In practice we would only write 2 sharps because the scale that […]
An octave is eight notes (whole tones). In the physics realm of music, going up one octave is the doubling of the frequency of the pitch.
There are two octave-scales on the bagpipe: low G to high G; and low A to high A. Don’t confuse the range (one octave plus one note) with the scales. An octave of notes on the bagpipes would be (low) A B C D E F (high) G (high) A; or, (low) G (low) A […]
The Musical Alphabet Each pitch is named. There are 8 notes in an octave, after which the names repeat. The musical alphabet is notes with the following names: A B C D E F G When we get further into theory talking about Scales, Sharps and Flats, we will also talk about Enharmonic notes (ones that have multiple names).